A dog breed Siba must have urazhe. The word urazhiro translates as reverse side. Urazhero is a whitish coat in the chest, lower neck, cheeks, inner ear, chin, abdomen, inner limb, outer tail curled over the back.
Urajiro is a hallmark of some Japanese dog breeds (Akita, Shikoku, Hokkaido and Shiba). Urazyro should have symmetrical shapes, not have spots of a different color (specks). The transition from the main color to urazyro should not be sharp, but gradual. Sesame and black and tan dogs have a butterfly pattern on their chests.
Urajiro should not be too large and raised high. That is, when looking at the dog from the side, the “whitish parts of the dog” should not be too visible (except for the cheeks and a little neck).
Siba should have 80% of the basic color and 20% urajiro. 60% urager falls on the front of the dog and 40% on the back.
The figure shows the areas of distribution of the dog to the body of the dog. In the bottom photo a dog with a perfect urazyro.
One single standard for all six Japanese dog breeds of three sizes (small, medium and large) was developed by the NIPPO organization in 1934.
The standard of 1934 was revised twice: in 1987 and 1993. Comparing the two versions of the standard shows significant differences, such as for example the allowable shape of the tail. The standard of 1934 did not yet require a tail that was necessarily thrown over its back; a hanging tail was also allowed. The first standard allowed for colors such as white, fawn, black and tan, and black with shades of gray. Only in 1987, these clauses of the standard were adjusted.
Detailed comments on the NIPPO standard were compiled by Mr. Hajime Watanabe in his book Nihon Ken Hyakka. Comments are published by hieroglyphs in NIPPO journals. The author of the book “Siba” – Gretchen Haskett, in the section “Ideal Siba Inu” also published comments on the standard NIPPO in English.
Based on the above sources, we will try to determine what a Shiba Inu dog should be. Unfortunately now it can be stated that Siba in the European concept and Siba in the concept of organization for the preservation of Japanese dog breeds have quite serious differences. Basically, the differences lie in the fact that the Japanese judges pay great attention not only to the appearance of the dog, but also to the inner spiritual strength that a Japanese dog must necessarily have. European judges evaluate the dog only on the basis of its external data, without taking into account the internal components of the dog’s character and the expression of its essence.
The standard NIPPO includes 12 very important points, according to which the assessment of the dog takes place at exhibitions NIPPO. We in this article have combined some points, for example, such as “Fore and hind limbs”, “Dog’s head – eyes, ears”, etc .:
1. Essence and its expression
The first section of the Japanese Standard Dog is “The Essence and Its Expression”, which deserves 15% of 100% when evaluating Siba. This percentage is higher than in any other section of the Standard. The word “essence” means temperament, personality and character of a dog. How a dog shows its character is already an expression of essence.
The Nippo standard states:
In a dog with a good character and a sense of simplicity, there is courageous audacity. She is alert and able to move quickly, deftly and easily.
To describe the temperament of a Japanese dog, the Nippo Standard uses three words: bold audacity (kan-i), good temperament (ryosei), and simplicity (soboku). These are the three mental characteristics that a Japanese dog must possess.
What is Kan-i?
Kan-i is considered the most important feature of a Japanese dog. In his book, Mr. Hajime Watanabe argues that kan-i is courage and calm, audacity and innocence, settled by submission. In other words, a dog with kan-i is a courageous, but not recklessly brave, courageous, but wary of danger and always under the control of the owner. In a dog with these properties, dignity and strength appear automatically.
To determine whether a dog has kan-i, you need to look at its mental abilities. In Japan, two dogs can be set off for this purpose. Observing the behavior of these dogs at such a moment can say a lot. In a duel, a dog with kan-i boldly meets the enemy and looks at him without turning away. If the dog lowered its eyes from the enemy, showing the whites of the eyes or looking at the enemy, and then to the side – this behavior indicates a lack of kan-i.
A dog possessing a kan-i will hold the tail in a twisted or sickle shape. Nothing, if the tail will tremble slightly under the influence of strong emotions, but if the tail drops, this indicates an absolute lack of kan-i. A good kan-i property means that the dog will hold its head high and will not change its position (in Japanese exhibitions the owner stands behind the dog, he is not allowed to touch it). Kan-i shows energy, combined with a calm disposition. A dog that pounces on an adversary for no reason, provokes a fight or does not pay attention to its owner, is perhaps bold, but this behavior is not characteristic of kan-i.
What is Ryosei?
The literal translation of ryosei is “good character.” Good character includes gentleness, loyalty and submission – all qualities of a good guard dog and companion dog.
To be a good guard dog or companion and to comply with the requirements of its owner, the dog must be intelligent; thus, it is very important that the Japanese dog be intelligent and have good habits and submissive nature. A dog with a good character quickly responds to commands. Although complete submission to the will of the owner does not mean craven temperament. For example, a dog may need to respond to a command that requires fighting spirit or courage, in which case the dog must obey immediately, without fear of anything.
A discussion of good character shows that kan-I and ryosei are really yin and yang — two sides of the same coin. A Japanese dog with a true kan-i will have a true ryosei – one cannot exist without the other.
What is Soboku?
The Japanese word soboku is defined as innocence. Innocence means ingenuousness, sincerity and simplicity, which speaks of an open soul, which is touching, not because it tries to seem so, but because it is such in nature. According to Mr. Watanabe, “soboku” is modesty and kindness, where character and qualities must manifest spontaneously. To put it another way, soboku means simple appearance without pump and vulgarity. “Soboku” is not a rare physical beauty, but a combination of kan-i and ryosei, and soboku is a harmonious feature for the natural beauty of a Japanese dog, these three features reproduce the essence that a Japanese dog should be endowed with.
The second provision of the first section of the standard Japanese dog says: “She (the dog) is alert and able to move quickly, deftly and easily.” The dog should always be aware of what is happening around, therefore it should be well developed sense organs, in view of the fact that its survival depends on them. Well-developed sense organs are the weapon and the only protection for a hunting dog fighting a bear or a deer; for a guard dog, developed sense organs are necessary in order to fulfill their duty.
The dog may be too cautious, which indicates some nervousness – excitement is not why or the manifestation of cowardice. The Japanese comment on this as the most serious defect of the Japanese dog. The opposite of excessive wariness are stupidity, stupidity, slowness and lethargy. To be perfect, a dog needs to be between these two extremes. To the best of the alert dog is calm and unshakable, reliable and capable of swift, decisive action – to attack, defend or warn.
In order to use the senses in practice, the Japanese dog must “move quickly, deftly and easily.” She can express her agility in the forest, for example, where there should be “quieter grass” to catch prey. All three gaits – walking, jogging and running – should be smooth, although smaller and medium-sized rocks produce more noise than a large Akita, moving smoothly and gently, like a cat. Walking depends on the physical structure, but just one good structure is not enough. The body must be trained and conditioned to achieve the desired strength. The Japanese usually train dogs participating in exhibitions, a 6-10 km jog every day. In Japan, exhibiting Sibu, which lacks any of the above criteria, is considered a waste of time.
Proper mental qualities, sense organs and agility allow the Japanese dog to show his skills. All these properties make up her temperament (that is, “essence”), which is the most important feature when evaluating Siba.
2. General physical characteristics
2.1. Sexual dimorphism
The Nippo Standard states: “Males and bitches are very different from each other by the proportions of their bodies. The structure is dense with well developed muscles. The ratio of height and length of the torso of males is 10 to 11, while the bitch has a torso slightly longer. Males in height reach 39.5 cm, females – 36.5 cm, allowed 1.5 cm higher or lower. “
As already mentioned, males and bitches are quite different in many respects. A real masculinity in appearance is inherent in a real dog Sibe, and femininity in a bitch Sibe. It is wrong if the bitch has traits of a dog and vice versa. The difference between a dog and a bitch is very significant, and Mr. Watanabe notes that the proper development of individuals is important for all animals. Thus, the requirement that the Sibi have different sexual differentiations reflects the point of view at which the dog is the most highly developed creature of all animals. Assessing the dog, the Japanese judges talk about “sexual characteristics”, where the sex of the dog should be visible immediately at a glance. A dog must be inherent dignity and greatness. The head, skull and muzzle of a dog is wider, longer and thicker than that of a bitch. The forehead is flat and wide, the cheekbones are very pronounced (with “bags under the eyes”), the muzzle is big and strong, the look is firm. The head of the bitch is smaller and narrower, the look is gentle. Features of a bitch should show softness, femininity.
Speaking of physical structure, in males they note healthy vital energy, in females – feminine refinement. But even in females, physical data must be pronounced, muscles and tendons are well developed. The bones of the bitch should be lighter, and her torso smaller. The height and weight of the bitch and dog are also different.
2.2. Balance of all body parts
The second important aspect in the General Physical Characteristics section of the Standard is the question of correlation or proportions. Here you need to consider the whole body. The proportions of the body, referred to in the Standard, are best known as balance. Balance is harmony and balance in the structure of the dog, which has a direct connection with all parts of the body – the head, neck, torso and limbs. The forehead, muzzle, eyes and ears should be proportionate to the head.
Harmony means that all parts of the body should fit well with each other. For example, long limbs are not in harmony with a small body, and small ears – with a large head. Harmony refers to the entire structure of the dog, starting with the skull and ending with the paws. The proper ratio of all parts means that the dog can correctly carry out its functions. If the torso is too short compared to height, then the gait will be cramped.
Equilibrium means that one of the scales is equal to the other, therefore any difference between the left and right sides, the upper part of the body and the lower, anterior and posterior one oscillates in balance. For example, if the dog’s head and shoulder blades are well developed and the back of the dog is thin, it is considered that the dog does not have a good balance.
For Siba, norms were established to show the ideal ratio of different parts of the dog’s body. These norms are shown in Figure 1 and 2, but it should be remembered that the body is depicted in three dimensions and kinetically. The height of Siba, given in the standard, is from 38 to 41 cm for a dog and 35-38 cm for a bitch (note that European and American measures will be somewhat higher, as in Nippo they measure the dog behind the shoulder blades). The average weight of Siba should be 10 kg, with males 10 percent more, and bitches less.
Dog height measurement: on the left in the FCI system, on the right in the NIPPO system
The corners of the limbs must also be balanced. If they are correct, the dog will move beautifully. The angles of the fore and hind limbs of Siba should be moderate.
In conclusion, it can be said that the balance, which at first glance seems to be a rather simple aspect, is in fact very complicated. Figure 1 shows the structure of body balance, but there are many other aspects (for example, the development of joints and muscles, the expression of the muzzle) that cannot be reflected in numbers. For example, a dog with a gloomy and pitiful expression of a muzzle cannot be considered harmonious.
The proportions of the Japanese dog:
A: front of the body; B: the middle part of the body; C: rear part of the body; D: depth of the chest; E: height from floor to elbow; E + D: height of the dog; F: length of the body; G: muzzle length; H: length of the back of the skull; G + H: head length
I: muzzle width; J: chest width; K: paw circumference; L: hips width
If the height of the dog = 100
Length = 110
Paw circumference = 19-20
Thigh width = 28-30
Chest Depth = 45-50
Chest circumference = 116-120
Chest width = 36-38
If length = 100
Front = 28.5
Middle part = 43
Back = 28.5
If the length of the head = 100
Muzzle Length = 40
Muzzle width = 56-58
3. Dog’s head
Proper ears for a Siba dog are as important as, for example, the eyes or the tail set.
Shiba has erect ears. Hanging ears are prohibited for this breed by Standard.
Standard NIPPO requires for Siba ears of relatively small size, but the size of the ears should be commensurate with the size of the dog’s head. If the dog has a large head and small ears, then this dog will not have the necessary balance between the parts of the body. Likewise and vice versa – a small head and big ears do not make the right impression.
The cartilage of the auricle should be thick, fleshy and elastic, tightly covered with a coat. Thin weak ears are considered a disadvantage.
The very top of the ear should not be sharp, but rounded.
The ear of Siba should have the shape of a versatile triangle with the correct location on the head.
The most common deviations from the norm are: the ears, sitting too far apart at the edges of the head and having a slope not forward, but to the sides (in the figure above); ears that sit too close to each other with the tips of the ears directed to the center (in the picture in the center). The worst option is the ears, which, although properly seated, do not have a triangular shape.
Also, the ears should not be too wide at the base (too open and flat) or too narrow, i.e. be shaped like tubules (too coagulated).
The standard states: the ears are slightly bent forward. The proper inclination of the ears is considered when the ear line is a continuation of the neckline of the dog. Incorrect ear tilt: ears standing straight up, or ears inclined too far forward.
Eye shape: The eye must have a “triangular shape”, it may be wider or narrower, but the outer corner of the eye must go to the lower point of the outer end of the dog’s ear.
Proper cut eyes
Line A: a horizontal line connecting the inner corners of both eyes; Line B: line from the inner corner of the eye, passing through the outer and going to the lowest point of the ear
The location of the eyes depends on two factors: the distance between the eyes and how deep the eyes are in the eye sockets. The distance between the eyes depends on the structure of the forehead and is different due to its width. If the eyes are too far apart, the features appear to be “vague” and the expression of the eyes does not show the proper character of Siba. On the other hand, if they are too close planted, the expression takes on a stern, gloomy look.
The proper depth of the eye socket is very important for the correct shape of the eye. If the orbit is too small, the eyes are somewhat bulged and most likely appear round, which is called in other words bulging eyes. How to distinguish between small and deep-set eyes? If the highest point of the eyeball goes beyond the edge of the orbit, then the eyes are bulging, if the highest point of the eyeball does not reach this edge, then the eyes are too deep set. Ideally, the highest point should be on the verge of the orbit, but again, when evaluating a dog, the factors cited above are considered. There are other factors that affect the location of the eyes, including wool, health, and the degree of development of the muscles of the muzzle.
Eye color is determined by the number of pigment spots (called melanin) that are in the iris. The eyes are always brown, but there are exceptions due to the amount of melanin and its density. Ideal dark brown color (it has a shade of black) is due to pigment spots, located numerously and densely. When the spots are small, the color of the eyes is light brown or yellowish, and if their number is too small, the eyes are gray or bluish.
The color of the iris is important not only for the aesthetic perception of the eyes, but also for the proper influence on the expression of the essence of the dog. Very dark brown eyes, combined with the color of the pupil, give the face a calm expression. On the other hand, lighter eyes in contrast with the black pupil give the appearance of inconstancy and insecurity, as well as the similarity with the eyes of a bird of prey. The Ciba breed can have four different eye color types:
Very dark brown. Thanks to this perfect color, the iris and pupil merge into one dark spot. If you look closer, you will see that the iris is somewhat different from the pupil, since it is black and the iris is very dark, brown. But the colors of the pupil and the iris are so similar that they merge into one color.
Dark brown. This eye color is a little lighter than the ideal is very dark brown, but, nevertheless, also acceptable. But if you take two dogs, one with very dark brown eyes and the other with dark brown, the first one will win. However, a dog with a lighter eye color will not remove points when evaluating. Dark brown differs from very dark brown in that the iris and pupil do not merge into one color, it is immediately apparent that they are of different shades.
Hazel or yellowish. These colors are very losing when evaluating a dog, they are incorrect. The iris is quite bright, which represents a bright contrast against the black pupil (completely unacceptable). If the iris is slightly lighter than the pupil, the contrast is not particularly visible, then such a brown color can be considered the norm.
Gray, light yellow or light blue: these colors are completely wrong and immediately rejected when evaluating. Although for Siba, they are very rare, but still occur from time to time.
The correct arrangement of the ears and eyes
Eyes can express emotions as follows: Joy – by narrowing the eyes; delight – with brilliant eyes; surprise – round eyes; sorrow – with weeping eyes; and anger – piercing eyes and raised eyebrows. In humans, the eyes can replace words when expressing emotions, and in dogs the eyes have the same property. The expression in the eyes of a Japanese dog can show such traits as courage, composure, humility, loyalty and high intelligence. On the contrary, a bad temperament is reflected when the dog looks into the distance, rolls his eyes so that squirrels are visible, or he looks restlessly here and there. Such eye movements indicate that the dog is suspicious or obsequious.
The Nippo standard states: “The muzzle: the bridge of the nose is straight, the mouth is hard, the nose is hard, the lips are compressed.”
When evaluating a dog, the muzzle plays a very important role. The muzzle consists of a nose lobe, nose bridge (back of the nose), upper and lower jaw, lips and mouth. The length of the muzzle should be 2/5 of the entire length of the head (40% of the entire length of the head), the total length of which is measured from the crown itself to the tip of the nose.
The Nippo Standard states that the bridge should be straight. Any unevenness on the bridge of the nose, convex (bulge or crook on the back of the nose) or sunken (like a scoop) is a serious defect.
The width and depth of the muzzle should be of medium size. A long, thin, small muzzle does not fit at all, because in this case it is weak and lacks sufficient strength, while at the same time a short and stocky muzzle spoils the appearance of its features. In bitches and males, the width and depth of the muzzle are slightly different, which is taken into account if the masculinity predominates in the bitch and femininity predominates in the males.
The muzzle should sharpen the tip of the nose. A non-sharpened muzzle acquires a “tubular shape,” which is wrong, and not quite the right contraction gives the shape of a wedge. However, the muzzle should not be narrowed enough so that the tip of the nose becomes very sharp. The tip must be deep enough and wide enough to show the full power of the external data. A strongly tapering muzzle gives a sharp or indecisive appearance, which is in any case false.
The muzzle should be strong build, with tightly compressed lips. A loose chin in Siba, as well as hanging wings, is a disadvantage and is considered atypical for the breed. The pigment on the lips should be black and this black color should be limited only to the lips, and not go to the hairs around them. The standard suggests a contrast between the muzzle (hard) and cheekbones (puffy). Siba cheekbones are very full and outwardly similar to the bags. Such fullness shows a clear contrast with firm tightly compressed lips and a muzzle in general, which is stipulated as a special condition, since the muzzle appears to be somewhat protruding from the cheekbones. Siba’s nose is hard enough to touch and has black pigmentation.
The pigment of the tongue is also very important – the tongue should be pink without black spots. The standard states that small tiny specks (no more than a fingertip) are allowed on the tongue, but he also says that the size of the spot depends on the size of the dog, which means that the smaller the dog, the smaller the allowed spot should be. If the largest dog (Akita) is allowed to have a spot with the size of a fingertip, then the smallest dog (Shiba) can have only very tiny specks!
The hair on the cheeks and under the jaw should be whitish. The hair on the nose of red dogs should be red, and black – black. Red dogs should not have black hairs on their faces, but the nose and lips should be black.
Under no circumstances should the whitish hair on the cheeks be extended to the nose. The white bridge of the nose and the white areas around the eyes are considered a serious defect.
Japanese breeders believe that black hair on the face and chin of an adult Siba indicates crossing with non-Japanese breeds, which is a very bad sign. The true Japanese dog in the genes of such features can not be. However, it should be noted that red Sibas are often born with a black face or black hairs on the face, but by the age of two, the dog’s cheeks and chin must necessarily have a whitish color.
In conclusion, the most important aspects can be formulated as follows: the muzzle is strong, gradually and evenly takes the form of a wedge; firm and rounded; in proper proportion with the head; the nose and teeth are right; lips tightly closed; The lips and nose are pigmented in black.
The Nippo standard states: “Shiba’s teeth are strong, sharp with a scissor bite” must have a full set of teeth – 42 teeth. Three features – strength, sharpness and a full set of teeth, are natural requirements for Siba. The Japanese word we translate as “strong” , implies health. Of the modern Japanese breeds, four medium-sized breeds have the best teeth, but only after a large Akita. It is known that little Siba has the worst teeth – the problem lies in the insufficient number of teeth. Japanese experts found that this problem arose after the Second World War, when it was impossible to develop the breed without the use of close and close inbreeding.
Snack and overshot are not allowed.
3.5. Skull and neck
The forehead is wide, with a pronounced longitudinal groove (hollow), which must necessarily be present. The transition from the forehead to the muzzle (stop) is moderate – the frontal part should be parallel to the back of the nose. Too smooth transition or too sharp are not welcome.
The neck is strong and muscular, of moderate length and thickness. The line of the neck should form an angle of 45 degrees with the line of the back. The upper (occipital) part of the neck is slightly convex and forms one line with the Sib ears. The neck should not be too long or too short; such a neck can deprive the body of Siba of harmony and balance. The skin on the neck should fit snugly to the body.
On the picture:
Above – too smooth stop.
In the middle – too steep stop.
Below – normal stop.
In the photo is a dog named Ishi Go, 1936 photo.
In the eyes of many Japanese breeders, Ishi Guo had a perfect neck.
4.1. Front limbs
The front limbs of Shiba must have strong bones and developed muscles. The forelimbs account for more than half the dog’s weight (60%). That is why the correct stance and correct movement of the dog during the run depend on the strength of the forelimbs.
Siba should have correctly spaced shoulder blades (number 1 in the figure), which form an angle of 110-120 degrees with the humerus (figure 2). Due to this angle, the dog’s chest is correctly formed and the forelimbs stand under the body. Sometimes the angle of the humero-shoulder joint is more developed, about 130 degrees, then the limbs are not located deep enough under the body, but if this does not interfere with the correct stance of the dog, then it may not be considered as a serious drawback. A more significant disadvantage can be considered turned out elbows. Siba’s elbows should fit snugly against the body.
The forearm (3) is a part of the limb from the shoulder to the carpal joint. Forearms should be strong and straight, not have curvature or growths. The angle between the shoulder (2) and forearm (3) should be 140-150 degrees.
Siba’s pasterns should be slightly inclined, in which case the dog’s paws will spring up well when jumping or running when it comes into contact with a hard surface. The correct position of the pasterns is shown in the uppermost figure on the left. Below – not enough sloping pasterns and too sloping pasterns.
Paws of the front limbs should be round, with fingers gathered in a tight lump. Flat paws with weak fingers spreading to the sides are extremely undesirable, as well as elongated paws (hare paws). The girth of the front limbs should be about 1/4 part more than the girth of the hind limbs.
Postav front limbs (the distance between them) is determined by the width of the chest and overall physical development. In the figure in the middle – the correct position of the front limbs, in the lower center – too wide, and at the bottom right – too narrow.
4.2. Hind limbs
The hind limbs are muscular and well developed. Bones are strong. Strong joints with correct angulation.
The hind limbs determine the strength and power of Shib’s movements. Standard NIPPO aims to preserve the functionality of the dog, to preserve its hunting data, in this connection, the dog must be fast, dexterous and hardy. Dog movements should be light and elegant. Therefore, much attention is paid to the structure of the hind limbs of the dog. Any deviation in the structure is considered as a serious drawback.
The hind limbs of the dog should not be brittle and should have moderate articulation angles, which guarantee a powerful forward movement.
The figure shows the degree of angulation of the articulations of the hind limbs:
between the hip and lower leg – 120-125 degrees;
between the lower leg and metatarsus – 145-150 degrees.
In the picture: on the left – the right angles; in the center too developed corners; on the right – too right angles
The most common deficiency in Siba is too developed angles in which the hind limbs are straightened in almost one line. Also, in some Siba, on the contrary, the femur is too long, which leads to a decrease in the angle between the femur and tibia.
The picture shows:
on the left – the correct position of the hind limbs, in which the limbs stand vertically and at the correct distance from each other; on the left, closer to the center – a close stasis, characteristic of a narrow, poorly developed pelvic part; on the right, closer to the center – the tarsus is turned inward; on the right, the metatarsus are turned outward. The last three figures show the disadvantages of the structure of the hind limbs.
Since the fore and hind limbs work together, proper movement of both is required for proper movement. If, for example, the forelimbs are curved or the hind limbs too long, then the dog will not move properly.
5. Chest and belly
Chest wide. Thorax volume, egg-shaped. The front section is well developed and muscular. It is especially noted that the front section of the Cib must be strong and very developed.
The ribs are strong, durable, able to reliably protect the internal organs of the dog from damage.
The depth of the chest is 45-50% of the height of the dog at the withers.
If the chest is too narrow, then the internal organs are cramped and malfunctioning. With a narrow rib cage, the front limbs are also too narrow, as shown in the figure in the “Front Limbs” section.
Too wide chest – barrel-shaped, leads to a general irregular structure, imbalance and makes the dog heavier.
Belly tucked up.
The top line of Siba is flat and strong, forming a straight line from withers to tail. The topline consists of the back, waist and croup in a ratio of 2: 1: 1 respectively.
The most undesirable disadvantage is the curved (domed) topline. This deficiency can be either innate – the wrong structure of the spine, and acquired as a result of a disease of internal organs, invasion, fearful and insecure behavior.
The concave topline (sagging) may be in too thick dogs or in bitches that have had offspring, while not yet fully formed (early breeding).
Also a disadvantage is considered to be too long loins, which can result from a weaker topline.
On the picture:
1. Smooth, straight topline; 2. Weak, concave topline; 3. Dome topline.
The tail is one of the main indicators for evaluating dogs in the rings of NIPPO exhibitions. The correct structure of the tail is of paramount importance.
The tail is strong, moderately thick, stands in the direction of the spine of the dog. In no case should the tail lie on the dog’s croup, it must stand firmly. If the dog spins and lowers the tail, this is a very serious drawback, the tail is considered weak.
The root of the tail should be this: if you look at the dog from above, you should not see the anus. The length of the untwisted tail should almost reach the hock.
In the figures below, the officer of the NIPPO, Mr. Uki Terukuni, depicted the correct and irregular shapes of the Shib’s tails:
In the figures: 1. Absolutely correct tail – there is a round clearance between the top line and the tail, an excellent slope of the root of the tail behind the body of the dog (back); 2. A good tail, but the root of the tail has insufficient inclination behind the body of the dog; 3. Incorrect tail structure – the tail lies on the dog’s croup; 4. Incorrect tail structure – when you look at the dog from above you can see the anus; 5. I would like to slightly tilt the root of the tail behind the body of the dog (back).
From the point of view of a curl and set, Siba can have the following tail structure:
1, 5 – correct, desirable;
2, 3, 4 – acceptable, but less desirable;
6, 7 – acceptable, but undesirable;
8 is incorrect.
Siba Wool consists of a bristle hair and undercoat. The outer hair has a needle shape, it is longer than the hair undercoat and very stiff.
The undercoat is short in length, soft and very thick.
Due to the dense undercoat, the guard hair should stand at least at an angle of 45 degrees to the body of the dog. In some dogs, this angle reaches 70-80 degrees, which is welcome.
Soft and lying wool is not allowed. Velvet wool is also discouraged when the guard hair is the same length as the hair undercoat.
Due to such a dense undercoat, Shiba is well adapted to frost, winds and rains. Siba wool tends not to get wet completely, so the dog’s body remains dry in any weather.
The length of Siba fur in different parts of the body is different: the shortest hair on the face and limbs. Medium length – on the body, and the longest – on the tail. The hair on the tail should not be collected in the crest (Iroquois) in the center of the tail, it should be even along the entire area of the tail.
The standard provides three colors Siba: red, sesame (sesame) and black and tan.
Color red – in the center, til – on the right, black and tan – on the left