Shiba Inu (Japanese 柴犬, English Shiba Inu) is the smallest dog from all Japanese working breeds, outwardly reminiscent of a fox. Despite the close relationship with other Japanese dogs, the siba-inu is a unique hunting breed, and not a miniature version of another breed. This is the most popular breed in Japan, which managed to gain a foothold in other countries. Because of the difficulty of pronunciation, it is also called shiba-inu.
1. Care for the shiba-inu is minimal, in their cleanliness they resemble cats.
2. It’s a smart breed, they learn fast. However, whether they will execute the team is a big question. Those who start a dog for the first time, it is not recommended to stop their choice on the shiba-inu.
3. They are aggressive towards other animals.
4. They love one person, others can not obey.
5. Siba-inu owners, greedy for their toys, feed and sofa.
6. It is not recommended to have these dogs in families with young children.
HISTORY OF THE BREED
Since the breed is very ancient, there are no reliable sources of its origin. Shiba Inu refers to Spitz, the oldest group of dogs, characterized by standing ears, long double wool, a specific tail shape. It so happened that all the dogs that appeared in Japan before the beginning of the XIX century, refer specifically to the Spitz. The exception is only a few Chinese breeds of companion dogs, for example, Japanese hin.
The first settlements of people appeared on the Japanese islands about 10,000 years ago. They brought with them dogs, whose remains can be found in graves dating to 7 thousand years before our era. Unfortunately, it is impossible to say for certain whether these remains (rather small dogs, by the way) have any relation to modern siba-inu.
The ancestors of the Siba Inu arrived on the islands no later than the 3rd century BC.with another group of settlers. Their origin and nationality remain unclear, but it is believed that they were from China or Korea. They also brought dogs that crossed with indigenous breeds. Experts argue, appeared Siba Ina from the dogs of the first settlers or from the second ones, but, most likely, from their combination. This means that the Shiba Inu lived in Japan from 2300 to 10 000 years ago, which makes them one of the ancient breeds. This fact was confirmed by the latest research of geneticists and the breed was attributed to the most ancient, among which one more Japanese breed – Akita Inu.
Shiba Inu is one of the few Japanese breeds that is found everywhere in Japan and is not localized in one prefecture. Its small size makes it possible to maintain content throughout the archipelago, it is cheaper to contain than Akita Inu.
She is able to hunt in a pack, pair, alone. At the same time, it does not lose its working qualities and was used in the past when hunting large game, boars and bears, but it is also good for small hunting. Just gradually large game disappeared from the islands, and the hunters switched to small. For example, Siba Inu is able to find and raise a bird, before the advent of firearms in the region, this ability was important, since birds were caught with the help of a network.
After the appearance of firearms, the popularity of the breed only increased, as they were used to hunt birds.
It should not be forgotten that for thousands of years the Shiba Inu did not exist as a breed in the modern sense of the word, it was a disparate group of dogs, similar in type. At some point, in Japan there were dozens of unique variations of siba-inu.
The name siba-inu was used for all these variations, combined their small size and working qualities. However, in some regions there were unique names. The Japanese word inu means “dog,” but Siba is more contradictory and polysemantic.
It means shrubbery, and it is widely believed that the name siba-inu means “a dog from a forest full of shrubs”, since it hunted in a dense bush. However, there is an assumption that this is an obsolete word, meaning – small, and the breed is so named for small size.
Since Japan for several centuries was a closed country, her dogs remained a secret for the rest of the world. This isolation lasted until 1854, when US Admiral Perry with the help of the fleet forced the Japanese authorities to open borders. Foreigners began to bring Japanese dogs to their home, where they became popular. In the homeland, the siba-inu is crossed with English setters and pointer, in order to improve the working qualities. This crossing and the absence of a standard of breed lead to the fact that in urban areas the breed begins to disappear, remaining intact only in remote rural regions where there were no foreigners.
By the beginning of 1900, Japanese breeders decided to save aboriginal breeds from extinction. In 1928, Dr. Hiro Saito created Nihon Ken Hozonkai, better known as The Association for the Preservation of the Japanese Dog or NIPPO. The organization starts the first breeding books and creates a standard of the breed.
They find six traditional dogs, the exterior of which is as close as possible to the classical one. They enjoy the support of the government and unprecedented growth of patriotism among the Japanese, before the Second World War. In 1931, the NIPPO successfully conducts a proposal for the adoption of the Akita Inu as a national symbol. In 1934 the first standard of the Siba Inu breed was created, and two years later it was also recognized as a national breed.
The Second World War smashes all pre-war successes into dust. Allies bomb Japan, many dogs die. The difficulties of wartime lead to the closure of clubs, and amateurs are forced to put their dogs to sleep.
After the war, the breeders collect the surviving dogs, there are not many of them, but enough to restore the breed. They decide to merge all existing lines into one. Unfortunately, there is an epidemic of cannabis of dogs and significantly reduces the surviving population.
Although there were dozens before the war of various variations of the siba-inu, after it only three remained in substantial quantities. Modern siba-inu all come from these three variations. Shin-shu (English Shinshu Shiba) were characterized by a thick undercoat and stiff coat, red color and the smallest size, most often found in Nagano Prefecture. Mino-Shiba (born Mino Shiba) were from Gifu Prefecture, they had thick, erect ears and a sickle-shaped tail.
San-in Shiba (San’in Shiba) met in the prefectures of Tottori and Simane. It was the largest variation, larger than modern dogs, black color. Although all three variations after the war were rare, the syn-hsi survived more than others and began to define the appearance of modern siba-inu in a significant way.
The newly acquired siba-inu quickly gained popularity in the homeland. It was restored along with the Japanese economy and did it also quickly. After the war, Japan became an urbanized country, especially in the Tokyo area.
And urban residents prefer small dogs, the smallest working dog was the siba inu. By the end of the XX century, it is the most popular dog in Japan, comparable in popularity with a European breed such as the Labrador Retriever.
The first siba-inu in the United States were dogs, which were brought with them by American soldiers. However, she did not acquire great popularity overseas, until she was not interested in large breeders. This was facilitated by the fashion for everything that began in Japan in 1979. American Kennel Club (AKC) recognized the breed in 1992, it was joined by the United Kennel Club (UKC).
In the rest of the world, this breed is known and popular due to its small size and appearance similar to the fox. These dogs are still excellent hunters, but few are used for their intended purpose. As in Japan, and in Russia, it is a companion dog, with the role of which she copes well.
DESCRIPTION OF THE BREED
Siba-inu primitive breed, outwardly similar to the fox. It’s a small, but not a dwarf dog. Dogs at the withers reach 38.5-41.5 cm, bitches 35.5-38.5 cm. Weight 8-10 kg. It is a balanced dog, not a single trait in it outweighs.
She is not thin, but not fat, rather sturdy and lively. Paws proportional to the body and do not look neither thin, nor long. Tail of medium length, high set, thick, most often folded into a ring.
The head and muzzle resemble foxes, proportional to the body, although a bit wide. The stop is expressed, the muzzle is round, of medium length, ends with a nose of black color. The lips are black, tightly compressed. Eyes are triangular in shape, like ears, which are small and fairly thick.
The coat is double, with a thick and soft undercoat and stiff coat. The top shirt is about 5 cm long throughout the body, only on the muzzle and paws it is shorter. To be admitted to the exhibition, the siba-inu must have Urazhiro. Urazhiro is a distinctive feature of Japanese breeds of dogs (Akita, Shikoku, Hokkaido and Siba).
These are white or cream color marks in the chest, lower neck, cheeks, inner ear, chin, abdomen, inner parts of the limbs, and the outer part of the tail tucked on its back.
Shiba Inu is of three colors: red, sesame and black and tan. Red dogs should be as bright as possible, preferably monotonous, but let’s say black tipping on the tail and back. Periodically, dogs of other colors are born, they are still excellent pets, but they are not allowed to exhibitions.
Siba-inu is a primitive breed and this means that their character is the same as thousands of years ago. He makes the Siba-Inu independent and similar to a cat, but without training aggressive and problematic. This breed is independent, prefers to do what it sees fit. They prefer a family company, but not close physical contact, but simply be in company with them.
Most dogs choose only one person who gives their love. They are good for other family members, but keep them somewhat in the distance. Despite the small size, siba-inu can not be recommended for beginners, as they are stubborn and self-willed, and training takes a lot of time and requires experience.
Really independent, siba-inu is extremely distrustful of strangers. With due socialization and training, the majority of the breed’s representatives will be calm and tolerant, but not hospitable to strangers.
If a new person appears in the family, then in time they take it, but not quickly and the relationship with him is not particularly close. In relation to a person they are not aggressive, but without training they can exercise it. One of the biggest problems in dealing with siba-inu is that they do not like when they violate their personal space without an invitation. They are sensitive and could be good watchmen, if not for lack of aggression.
Like the wolf, the siba-inu are extraordinary owners. The owners say that if they could speak one word, then this would be the word – mine. They consider everything theirs: toys, a place on the couch, a master, a yard and especially food.
It is clear that such a dog does not want to share anything. If it does not upset, then this desire will get out of hand. Moreover, they can protect themselves by using force – biting.
Even the most seasoned and trained representatives of the breed are unpredictable in this matter. Owners need to pay attention to the relationship with the dog, especially if the house is children.
And so the relationship with the children of the Siba Inu is very complicated. Socialized dogs get along well with them if children are able to respect their personal space and property. Unfortunately, the youngest children do not understand this and try to stroke or grab the dog.
No matter how well trained the Siba Inu, she will not tolerate rude behavior. Because of this, most breeders do not recommend starting a siba ina in families where children are less than 6-8 years old. But, even if they are very nice to their own, then there can already be problems with neighbors.
There are problems in relationships with other animals. Aggression to dogs is extremely strong and most siba-inu should live without friends. They can tolerate heterozygous individuals, but not fact. Dogs meet all forms of aggression, from food to territorial.
Like other breeds, they can live with the dogs with which they grew and aggressiveness is reduced by training. But, many males are incorrigible and will attack same-sex dogs.
What is the relation to other animals you can expect from a dog that for thousands of years was a hunter? They are born for murder and know how to do it perfectly. In general, all that can be overtaken and killed, you need to catch up and kill. With cats, they can get along, but they will beat them, and kill others.
Shiba-inu is very smart and can easily solve problems that other dogs will put to a standstill. However, this does not mean that they simply train. They do what they think is necessary, then when they consider it necessary. They are stubborn and willful. They refuse to teach new teams, ignore the old ones even if they know them perfectly. For example, if the siba-inu rushed after the animal, then it is almost impossible to return it. This does not mean that you can not train them.
This means that you need to do it slowly, persistently and put a lot of effort. It is absolutely impossible to lose the role of the leader of the pack, since the dog will not listen to anyone whom it considers to be lower in rank. They are dominant and will try to be a leader at every opportunity.
The requirements for activity are not very high, they like to wander around the house and along the street. Able to walk for hours, well suited for people who like walking and activity. However, they can get along with a minimum, it’s not for nothing that they are popular in their homeland, where you do not clear up especially because of the density of construction. These dogs almost never return to call and walk them on a leash. In addition, they can attack another dog. At maintenance in a court yard are capable to find a hole in a fence or to undermine it, as inclined to vagrancy. In general, the character of the siba-inu is very similar to the cat’s. They are very clean, often lick themselves. Even those dogs, most of whose life is outdoors, look cleaner than other dogs. They quickly become accustomed to the toilet and rarely bark. If barking, it’s not gulp and tireless. They are capable of producing a unique sound, known as the cry of the Siba Inu or “Shiba Scream.” This is a very loud, deafening and even horrible sound. Usually the dog publishes it only during stress, and it can also be a sign of excitement or interest. CARE Requires minimal care, as befitted a hunting dog. It is enough to comb once or twice a week and no grooming. It is recommended to bathe dogs only in case of emergency, as protective grease that helps the natural cleansing of wool is washed off. They molt, especially twice a year. At this time, comb the siba-inu every day. HEALTH Consider a very healthy breed. They not only do not suffer from the majority of genetic diseases peculiar to purebred breeds, but also do not have a characteristic breed of disease. This is one of the long-lived dogs, able to live up to 12-16 years. Shiba-inu named Pusuke lived 26 years (April 1, 1985 – December 5, 2011) and until her last days remained active and curious. She was included in the Guinness Book of Records as the oldest dog on earth.